Some studies have found that high uric acid levels are linked with vertigo, but little research exists on how gout relates to different types of vertigo.
Researchers have tried to close this knowledge gap in the Journal of Clinical Medicine.
The scientists noticed that previous studies showed a possible relationship between high uric acid and vertigo, and they speculated that excess uric acid could harm blood vessels and disrupt blood flow to the inner ear through the production of reactive oxygen species.
This could lead to problems such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), Meniere’s disease, and vestibular neuritis, the three most common causes of vertigo.
To test this hypothesis, they analyzed data from the 2002–2019 Korean National Health Insurance Service Health Screening Cohort. They compared data on 23,827 gout patients and 95,268 controls without gout, matching them on age, sex, income, and region of residence.
They compared the two groups to see whether the occurrence of vertigo was higher in gout patients.
Their discoveries confirmed their hypothesis.
1. Gout patients had a 13% higher risk of BPPV.
2. They were 15% more likely to have Meniere’s disease.
The researchers did not know exactly why gout should have this effect beyond the possibility of reducing blood flow to the inner ear. Such reduced blood flow has previously been linked with both BPPV and Meniere’s disease, findings that this study seems to support.
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