There are many different underlying causes of vertigo.
One of these is really serious.
But because it happens momentarily, people don’t pay attention to it or take it seriously.
It is however very serious, and potentially deadly – and according to a recent study published in the journal Circulation it can lead to even more worrying problems in middle-aged and older people.
The deadly effects are related to the extreme dizziness that some people feel when they stand up after sitting or lying down.
When you stand up, your body needs to increase your blood pressure momentarily to ensure enough blood reaches your brain.
But sometimes something goes wrong and extreme dizziness follows.
This condition is called orthostatic hypotension. It happens because a person’s blood pressure drops by at least 20 mmHg systolic points or 10 mmHg diastolic points.
But if the blood vessels in the lower body do not constrict fast enough to increase blood pressure for that moment, the blood cannot leave the lower body fast enough to go back up to your heart, meaning there is not enough blood for your heart to pump to your brain.
New research suggests that this effect could put middle-aged people at more risk, as they have higher chances of developing dementia.
The scientists analyzed information involving 11,503 participants over a 20-year period between the ages of 45 and 64 who had no history of coronary artery disease or stroke.
Researchers measured the participant’s blood pressure when they got up after lying down for 20 minutes.
Scientists discovered that those who met the requirements for orthostatic hypotension were 40% more likely than the others to develop dementia and had 15% more cognitive decline.
So, what can you do to prevent bad events and deadly consequences of orthostatic hypotension?
Drink enough water to ensure that you have enough blood circulation through your body to maintain a healthy blood pressure. Avoid diuretics like blood pressure medications, excessive caffeine, and alcohol. Some medications like antidepressants and alpha-1 blockers can also make it worse.